About the Federation
The emergence of Sudan as a unified state in the Turkish period during the period 1821 - 1885 the basis for the emergence of private sector activity, as marked by that stage the composition of economic double included public ownership based on the creation of public buildings for the management of the affairs of governance and delivery of services, and private equity work-related traditional agricultural.
And in the era of the Mahdist state during the period 1885 - 1898, marked by public sector activity to bring Zakat and abscess to manage the affairs of the Islamic state and brought the booty gained from the battles that state-run conquests Islamic, while confined to private sector activity in agricultural production and craft an industry boats and Almrakip and bladed weapons Lawson elephant.
With the advent of British colonial rule in 1898, has become the responsibility of creating economic activity Vtm directed towards cotton cultivation and extending rail lines and create banks to absorb the revenue issued cotton, and allowed some foreign companies only commercial work in the field of mining and petroleum (and did not allow the Patriots do not even go out Citizens for cotton cultivation). The project is the island's largest private enterprises dynamics of economic activity at the time.
It developed into more than that in the era of the condominium during the period 1899 - 1955, where the British were occupying senior leadership while Egyptians begin administration field, came to the attention of the government in the public sector to maintain security and order and collection of taxes and extending lines of railway and river transport and services for the telegraph, and extended sector activity Special to include attracting investments of some foreign communities for investment in agriculture (cotton cultivation - peanuts - sesame red and white), the garment industry, trade (export gum - sesame - fil - a century Fertit - livestock), road transport and the establishment of private schools. It was for a room Sudan commercial in 1908 the impact of the organization of the business in the private sector of Sudan in addition to the appointment of Sudanese in the southern states replace administrators Egyptians following the events of 1924. Ratio for the expansion of trade at the time and the establishment of several companies that emerged from the movement of business several disputes among themselves on the one hand, on the other hand between employers and employees, and has led to the need to create a union employers consultant in 1948 (as will be discussed later). However, the situation soon changed following a decision areas sealed and the resulting closure of the door to the northern traders (Jellaba) and encourage traders Greeks, Armenians, Jews, Indians, Alimanyen and Syrians, as well as the government continues to pass laws that would hinder national movement that was funded by the national trade group.
The political events that characterized the thirties and forties contract had its imprint on the path of economic movement in Sudan after independence, especially the private sector. Preassigned Conference of graduates in 1938 and issued by the memoirs in 1942, which included several items most notably the following: -
Repeal of the sealed areas to enable the flow of commercial traffic.
Lifting of trade restrictions and transport
The nationalization of the island project.
Terminate the contract of the two companies Shell and Barclays (the largest British companies dominant
Those items came aforementioned indicator of awareness and interest in the national private sector early, where he was standing bond with the national movements against colonial influence in the country.
When Sudan's independence in 1956 were the basic elements of private activity among British companies and businesses of the foreign communities in light of the meager national activity sector (to prevent support national movements aimed at removing the colonization), and Eruth that a strong culture for the public sector. And we find that in spite of the foreign investment that came to Sudan in this period as a Eisenhower the U.S. in 1957, the private establishment of a factory for meat in Kosti and construction of airports in the west of Sudan to move the meat to the outside and the Convention on U.S. aid in 1958, but they were not with the impact of plain ratio the political differences around. Was the largest projects that have been completed are the extension protractors and railway Nyala. And political instability also came interest in the private sector, spaced at intervals began the enactment of the advantages granted in 1956.
The relative stability that is required period 1958-1964 came several events of significant national economic and contributed to the payment of private economic activity, including the following: -
Establishment of the first commercial bank in 1960 Sudanese
The establishment of the Agricultural Bank in 1960
The establishment of the Bank of Sudan in 1960 (subject to foreign banks for the management and control of liquidity in the economy).
The establishment of the Industrial Bank in the year 1961.
This is the phrase of these banks financing activities of each sector, which contributed to support economic activity, as it is for business plan decimal in 61/1962 impact of the revitalization of the work of the private sector, as it has been allocating a portion of the total investments of the public sector and the rest left to play sector Special.
And the adoption of a program of economic concentration with the International Monetary Fund in 1966 under the government of 1964 to 1969 and open the gate to the economy of foreign private investment sub-national, the political instability has become frustrating for private sector activity. .
In the period 1969-1989, which was dominated by the public sector facilities, Economic and Social directing the country's resources human and material associated with this period changes radical political had its consequences on the economic movement and activity of the private sector in particular, as the State has adopted a socialist system, a political system based on the domination of resources The monopoly of the various activities and the lack of private property. Vtm pass resolutions in favor of this system nationalized institutions and foreign companies in 1970, which resulted in a shortfall of private sector economic activity for exercise
Completely, but closed all banks and foreign companies doors and even migrated warheads funds communities of different nationalities in search of investment environment is safe, this has included nationalization even national institutions Kalmsrv commercial and some Sudanese companies engaged in exporting (Group Osman Saleh.) And this abandonment of Sudan many of the capital who was working in the private sector also has various experiences of communities that had been running this business in the field of export and import, which was the hub also the relations of foreign trade of the Sudan, to the detriment of paralyzing the private sector completely, and this was a natural result of the lack of confidence in the political system and the investment environment and the fear of the process of nationalization became engage in any activity that is rapidly whenever he had the chance.
With the adoption of the state after that the capitalist system in 1978, the private sector came back slowly to work and agglomeration in order to protect its rights to the scholarship trust and Althousel against any expectations resulting from political instability Vtm organization formed comprising businessmen and companies operating in the private sector, she acknowledged the state of its existence and its significance and worked on the issuance of several pieces of legislation, including a law encouraging the development and promotion of industrial investment for the year 1973, and 1974, and was followed by several laws to encourage investment came in 1999, most recently modified in 2000.
With the advent of the government bailout in 1989 and followed the rules of the Islamic political system has and the capitalist system, which was approved by Islam engine for economic activity to operate without restrictions Voqrt principle of individual ownership of property, and taken the approach of liberalization and privatization economic policy since 1992, which was evacuated was created device to act in the sector facilities and public securities market, has been selling many of the institutions of the state to the private sector pursuant to an active commercial movement and without restrictions, as banking systems have been modified to work according to the Islamic regime in providing the necessary funding for the work of the private sector. And extolled the state of these policies and supported through the development of a comprehensive national strategy has identified the role of each sector to the private sector Vavrdt 72% of economic activity is to be implemented.
This emerged from inside the room Sudan trade union employers consultant (as mentioned previously) to organize the work of the private sector and service companies, businessmen, and I speak on behalf of employers and government authorities to protect their rights and the rights of users. The areas included its six sectors, namely:
- Commercial sphere
- Industrial field
- Artisan area
- Economic Services
- Agricultural field
Promulgated for the first law of the organizations of employers in 1973, followed by the first gathering carries the name 'Union Sudanese Employers' in 1977 as a professional association, independent legal personality to consist of unions specialist, was an amendment to the law of labor regulations in 1992 to consist sectoral unions of the following: -
- Federation of Chambers of Commerce
- Federation of Chambers of Industry
- Union of Agricultural Chambers
Where annexed transport sector and the services sector economic Chamber of Commerce, while the industrial sector has been absorbed within the craft industry. And continued development in the area of the work of these associations in proportion to the nature of the work was to have been the separation of each of the sectors of transport and the artisanal sector to form the Federation of Chambers of Transportation and the Federation of Chambers of small industries and craft, as evidenced by the experience of the Union of Agricultural agree the nature of their work with the Union of Farmers propagated subordination to it, except some of the people.
Add this to the unions and the final based on the same format sectoral unions States twenty-six.
Board of Directors
President: Saoud Mamoun El Bereir
Vision & Mission
To improve economic performance of the state and achieve the aspirations of the business at all sectors, and to stimulate the economic potential of the economy, the partial contribution towards the development plans and development strategies in order to create a developmental balance, in order to achieve harmony fully in the economic performance of national and international, including location the Sudan in the international system.
- Work to create a good atmosphere of the friendly relations between the parties to the production (workers and employers), and among the business sector (themselves) and the competent authorities of the State.
- Work to promote national investment and advancing the educational activities of local economic channels of communication with counterpart associations and regional and international links.
- Advancement of studies and economic research, and support research to develop industry, trade, agriculture and transport.
- Contribute to the development and implementation of economic plans and programs and controls the exercise of economic activities that preserve their rights and ensure the protection of citizens and public interest
- Documentation of relations between the business and workers to upgrade their professional capabilities.
- Participation in economic forums, conferences and exhibitions of local, regional and global levels.
- Providing accurate and updated information to support decision-making and assist in planning for the future and follow up implementation of development projects through information centers.
- Support for decentralization in the provision of services by establishing unions at the state level.
- Work on the availability of production in the context of plans to economic and social development.
- Work with state agencies to update the regulations and laws on employers and participation in the development councils and national legislation.